40 Service Members Are Sexually Assaulted A Day

Department of Defense military and civilians bow their head during innvocation during the Army's Sexual Assault Awareness and Prevention Month Kickoff Ceremony at the center courtyard of the Pentagon in Washington, D.C., March 31, 2015.
DoD photo

The military’s recently released sexual assault report showed that an estimated 14,900 service members were sexually assaulted in 2016, a rate of more than 40 every day.

The military conducts regular surveys on sexual assault in the armed forces, and this latest report bears some encouraging signs.

In 2016, the total number of sexual assaults in the military declined by more than 5,000, reaching a 10-year low. Pentagon officials said that the decrease is not attributable to a specific variable, but rather are the result of, “noted enhanced efforts at communication, prevention and an institutionalization of policies aimed at countering assault,” the CNN report said.

Additionally, while the number of assaults went down, the number of official reports of sexual assaults increased slightly, suggesting victims are more comfortable speaking out and getting help after they are assaulted. There were 6,172 cases of sexual assault reported in 2016, compared to 6,082 sexual assaults reported in 2015, a modest increase of 1.5%. That means, however, that more than half of sexual assaults still go unreported. Still, the number of reports has come a long way. According to NBC News, just five years ago in 2012, there were as few as 3,604 sexual assaults reported.

And when reports went up in 2016, so too did disciplinary action against the assailants. In 64% of reported sexually assault cases, commanders had “sufficient evidence” to take action, the CNN report said. Nearly 60% of those cases resulted in court-martials.  

Ultimately, 4.3% of women and 0.6% of men in the armed forces reported “experiencing some form of sexual assault in the year prior to being surveyed.”

But there’s a lot to be angry about, as well.

For the first time, the survey contained data on LGBT service members and their experiences with sexual assault in the armed forces. The numbers did not contain good news. It found that men in the LGBT community who are in the military were over 10 times more likely to be victims of sexual assault — 3.5% to 0.3%. Similarly, women in the LGBT community were more than twice as likely to be victims of sexual assault — 6.3% to 3.5%.

Nearly 60% of service members who reported their sexual assaults then faced some sort of reprisal. One third of women and 40% of men said they regretted reporting their assault.

Reflective of the Marine Corps’ revenge porn and nude-photo-sharing scandal uncovered by former Marine infantryman-turned investigative journalist Tom Brennan at the War Horse, 2.3% of women in the Marines said a fellow Marine took or shared a sexual photo of them without their consent. Those numbers were notably higher than the Navy’s 1.6%, the Army’s 1.5%, or the Air Force’s 0.5%.

In all, it’s difficult to imagine, difficult to stomach the thought of 40 service members being sexually assaulted every day, often by fellow members of the military, people who are supposed to be brothers and sisters. And yet, among the rank and file, there doesn’t seem to be much grassroots interest in the issue. It’s largely ignored.

That’s something that just has never sat well with me, especially considering the size and scope of the problem. In contrast, there is a large amount of understandable and justifiable passion within the military and veterans community surrounding the high rate of suicide in the veterans community. Among the more than 21 million veterans in the United States, 20 veterans commit suicide every day, a recently revised number from 22 a day that was the subject of ruck marches and nonprofit organizations. As it should be. But one bit of cognitive dissonance I’ve never understood relates to the rate of sexual assault in the military. Where is the grassroots interest? More than 40 service members are sexually assaulted in the military every day, among a population much smaller than the total veterans community — there are roughly 1.4 million service members on active duty — about 500,000 soldiers, a little over 300,000 sailors, roughly 330,000 airmen, and over 180,000 Marines.

But the grassroots interest could be changing. In the Marine Corps in particular, from the command level, there’s more interest in preventing sexual harassment and sexual assault than ever before. Brennan’s story prompted the creation of a task force headed by the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps, Gen. Glenn M. Walterso.

That command-driven effort, paired with the positive numbers in this latest report, leave room for optimism. But like suicide, the target number for sexual assaults is zero, and sitting at 14,900, that seems quite far away, indeed.

Arizona Army National Guard soldiers with the 160th and 159th Financial Management Support Detachments qualify with the M249 squad automatic weapon at the Florence Military Reservation firing range on March 8, 2019. (U.S. Army/Spc. Laura Bauer)

The recruiting commercials for the Army Reserve proclaim "one weekend each month," but the real-life Army Reserve might as well say "hold my beer."

That's because the weekend "recruiting hook" — as it's called in a leaked document compiled by Army personnel for the new chief of staff — reveal that it's, well, kinda bullshit.

When they're not activated or deployed, most reservists and guardsmen spend one weekend a month on duty and two weeks a year training, according to the Army recruiting website. But that claim doesn't seem to square with reality.

"The Army Reserve is cashing in on uncompensated sacrifices of its Soldiers on a scale that must be in the tens of millions of dollars, and that is a violation of trust, stewardship, and the Army Values," one Army Reserve lieutenant colonel, who also complained that his battalion commander "demanded" that he be available at all times, told members of an Army Transition Team earlier this year.

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"Soldiers in all three Army Components assess themselves and their unit as less ready to perform their wartime mission, despite an increased focus on readiness," reads the document, which was put together by the Army Transition Team for new Chief of Staff Gen. James McConville and obtained by Task & Purpose. "The drive to attain the highest levels of readiness has led some unit leaders to inaccurately report readiness."

Lt. Gen. Eric J. Wesley, who served as the director of the transition team, said in the document's opening that though the surveys conducted are not scientific, the feedback "is honest and emblematic of the force as a whole taken from seven installations and over 400 respondents."

Those surveyed were asked to weigh in on four questions — one of which being what the Army isn't doing right. One of the themes that emerged from the answers is that "[r]eadiness demands are breaking the force."

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If you've paid even the slightest bit of attention in the last few years, you know that the Pentagon has been zeroing in on the threat that China and Russia pose, and the future battles it anticipates.

The Army has followed suit, pushing to modernize its force to be ready for whatever comes its way. As part of its modernization, the Army adopted the Multi-Domain Operations (MDO) concept, which serves as the Army's main war-fighting doctrine and lays the groundwork for how the force will fight near-peer threats like Russia and China across land, air, sea, cyber, and space.

But in an internal document obtained by Task & Purpose, the Army Transition Team for the new Chief of Staff, Gen. James McConville, argues that China poses a more immediate threat than Russia, so the Army needs make the Asia-Pacific region its priority while deploying "minimal current conventional forces" in Europe to deter Russia.

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As the saying goes, you recruit the soldier, but you retain the family.

And according to internal documents obtained by Task & Purpose, the Army still has substantial work to do in addressing families' concerns.

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The Marine Corps Exchange at Quantico (Photo: Valerie OBerry)

If you're a veteran with a VA service-connected disability rating, a former prisoner of war, or a Purple Heart recipient, the exchange, recreation facilities, and commissary on base will be opening their doors to you starting in 2020.

In what's being billed as the largest expansion of new shoppers in the military commissary system in 65 years, veterans will be allowed back into many of the same retail outlets they had access to while in uniform starting on Jan. 1, 2020, thanks to a measure put in to the 2018 National Defense Authorization Act.

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