Marine vet blames combat in Afghanistan for child sex crimes he committed as a teacher in Michigan

Philip Paauwe

GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. – A former Grand Rapids schools teacher was sentenced to 35 years in federal prison for persuading a Florida teen to produce and send him sexually explicit photographs.

Philip Paauwe, 33, earlier pleaded guilty to coercion or enticement of a minor – age 15 to 17 – for convincing the girl to send the photos, which constitute child pornography.

Paauwe was sentenced Thursday, Sept. 12, by U.S. District Judge Paul Maloney in Kalamazoo. The judge ordered Paauwe to serve 10 years on supervised release once his prison sentence ends. He also ordered Paauwe to pay the girl $34,000 in restitution.

Paauwe was also accused of trying to arrange a sexual encounter with a 13-year-old girl, federal prosecutors say.

He taught at KEC (Kent Education Center) Oakleigh which serves students with severe emotional impairments. The school district terminated his probationary contract.

He had online communication with the Florida girl beginning in September 2017, continuing through early January. He persuaded her to send sexually explicit photos, court records said.

In the plea deal, a charge of sexual exploitation of a minor and a second count of coercion or enticement of a minor were dismissed.

Paauwe had not been in trouble before, his attorney, Matthew Borgula, said in court documents. He said his client's military service in combat zones had a profound effect on him.

At the age of 18, Paauwe joined the U.S. Marine Corps, expecting he would be face combat in the Middle East. He served two tours of duty in combat zones in Afghanistan and was honorably discharged in 2009.

He got married that year and was attending Grand Valley State University.

His attorney said that when he returned from the service, he suffered "severe depression and anxiety," and sought mental-health treatment.

"He knew he needed help and attempted to find it, however, he could not seem to overcome his demons," Borgula said. "Even the happiness of marriage and a strong family did not put Mr. Paauwe on the path to a normal, satisfying life."

He said his client makes no excuses for his actions and has trouble finding an explanation.

"He cannot believe that he is the man that did and said such horrendous things. Mr. Paauwe knows that what he did was extremely wrong, and that the caused the victim, her family, and his own family great pain," Borgula said.

He asked the judge to consider the "mental damage and stress he suffered as a result of his service in the Marine Corps, especially during combat. … At a minimum, there is a correlation between his service and his inappropriate behavior, if not a proven cause."

He said that Paauwe did not deserve decades in prison.

Assistant U.S. Attorney Daniel Mekaru said Paauwe met the victim on a social-media site when she was a 15-year-old high-school sophomore.

"Paauwe inflicted extraordinary emotional, psychological, and physical trauma on the victim … ," Mekaru wrote.

"He manipulated and introduced her to a depraved world of grotesque sexual sadism. He instructed her to submit to a host of depraved and degrading acts. He gave her a list of strict rules for her to follow. When she failed to obey those rules, he demanded that she punish herself. Paauwe knew that she had a history of cutting herself and told her to cut herself on camera for him."

Mekaru said Paauwe, knowing her psychological condition, "preyed on her vulnerabilities."

He called Paauwe a "vile manipulator of children with a deeply depraved sexual appetite for abusing children."

He said Paauwe took jobs where he could interact with children.

The defendant also once sent a text message about raping and killing girls, Mekaru said. It provides "insight into a sick, depraved, and destructive mind," the prosecutor said.


©2019, Walker, Mich. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

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(Sig Sauer)

Born in Texas in 1950, Anzaldua enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1968 and deployed to Vietnam as an intelligence scout assigned to the 2nd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division.

On Jan. 23, 1970, he was captured during a foot patrol and spent 1,160 days in captivity in various locations across North Vietnam — including he infamous Hỏa Lò Prison known among American POWs as the "Hanoi Hilton" — before he was freed during Operation Homecoming on March 27, 1973.

Anzaldua may have been a prisoner, but he never stopped fighting. After his release, he received two Bronze Stars with combat "V" valor devices and a Prisoner of War Medal for displaying "extraordinary leadership and devotion to his companions" during his time in captivity. From one of his Bronze Star citations:

Using his knowledge of the Vietnamese language, he was diligent, resourceful, and invaluable as a collector of intelligence information for the senior officer interned in the prison camp.

In addition, while performing as interpreter for other United States prisoners making known their needs to their captors, [Anzaldua] regularly, at the grave risk of sever retaliation to himself, delivered and received messages for the senior officer.

On one occasion, when detected, he refused to implicate any of his fellow prisoners, even though severe punitive action was expected.

Anzaldua also received a Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his heroism in December 1969, when he entered the flaming wreckage of a U.S. helicopter that crashed nearr his battalion command post in the country's Quang Nam Province and rescued the crew chief and a Vietnamese civilian "although painfully burned himself," according to his citation.

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Sig Sauer presented the commemorative 1911 pistol to Anzaldua in a private ceremony at the gunmaker's headquarters in Newington, New Hampshire. The pistol's unique features include:

  • 1911 Pistol: the 1911 pistol was carried by U.S. forces throughout the Vietnam War, and by Major Anzaldua throughout his service. The commemorative 1911 POW pistol features a high-polish DLC finish on both the frame and slide, and is chambered in.45 AUTO with an SAO trigger. All pistol engravings are done in 24k gold;
  • Right Slide Engraving: the Prisoner of War ribbon inset, with USMC Eagle Globe and Anchor and "Major Jose Anzaldua" engravings;
  • Top Slide Engraving: engraved oak leaf insignia representing the Major's rank at the time of retirement and a pair of dog tags inscribed with the date, latitude and longitude of the location where Major Anzaldua was taken as a prisoner, and the phrase "You Are Not Forgotten" taken from the POW-MIA flag;
  • Left Side Engraving: the Vietnam War service ribbon inset, with USMC Eagle Globe and Anchor engraving;
  • Pistol Grips: anodized aluminum grips with POW-MIA flag.

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