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Mattis Could Award Medal Of Honor To Marine Hero Rafael Peralta
The nearly decade-long quest to award slain Marine hero Rafael Peralta the nation’s highest battlefield honor might finally end with legendary leatherneck James Mattis.
Mattis, who once led troops in Iraq and commanded the Camp Pendleton-based 1st Marine Expeditionary Force, was sworn in as President Donald Trump’s defense secretary last month.
On Monday, Rep. Duncan Hunter, R-Alpine, sent him a letter urging the Pentagon to upgrade Peralta’s Navy Cross for combat valor to the Medal of Honor. It’s the latest effort in a case that has included forensics experts, rejections by at least three previous defense secretaries and conflicting accounts from Marines who served with Peralta.
“Jim Mattis can now make the right decision on this after others have failed to do that,” said Hunter, a former Marine artillery officer who fought in Iraq.
Peralta was a San Diegan who died in the second Battle of Fallujah in Iraq. President George W. Bush praised him in a nationally televised speech, and he has been lionized in books and a documentary. The Navy has named a warship after him; the destroyer is scheduled to reach its home port of San Diego for the first time this summer.
While assigned to A Company, 1st Battalion, 3rd Marines, Peralta in Fallujah led a team clearing insurgents room by room. Storming into their seventh house on Nov. 15, 2004, Peralta immediately drew enemy automatic weapons fire. He fell, wounded, to the floor.
Fleeing insurgents tossed a grenade that skittered to a rest near his head. Without hesitation, Peralta snatched the explosive to his body and absorbed the brunt of the blast to spare the lives of his team, according to his citation for the Navy Cross, America’s second-highest award for battlefield bravery.
Although the Marine Corps recommended Peralta for a posthumous Medal of Honor, Defense Secretary Bob Gates downgraded the commendation in 2008. He expressed concerns raised by a review panel that the Marine might have been too injured to consciously shield the grenade with his body.
Hunter believes Mattis, a former commander of the 1st Marine Division in Iraq, had signed off on the initial Medal of Honor nomination for Peralta before it percolated up to the Pentagon.
The San Diego Union-Tribune on Monday couldn’t confirm the role Mattis played in Peralta’s award; Pentagon officials didn’t return messages seeking comment.
Although Hunter twice tried to prod the Pentagon to reopen Peralta’s medal case, defense secretaries Leon Panetta and Chuck Hagel declined to overturn Gates’ decision.
On Friday, the Navy took possession of the guided-missile destroyer Rafael Peralta, which prompted Hunter to urge reopening the Medal of Honor case.
Born in Mexico City in 1979, Peralta graduated from San Diego’s Samuel F. B. Morse High School and later attended San Diego Community College. He received his green card after enlisting in the Marine Corps in 2000. He died an American citizen and is buried at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery in Point Loma.
Although most Medals of Honor are awarded less than five years after a service member’s battlefield heroics, President Barack Obama’s administration sought to make amends for past oversights.
In 2014, for example, Obama pinned the medal on Bennie G. Adkins, a former Special Forces Green Beret who served in the Vietnam War. He followed that up with Medals of Honor for Union Lt. Alonzo Cushing, a hero of the Battle of Gettysburg, and a pair of World War I doughboys, Sgt. William Shemin and Sgt. Henry Johnson.
Hunter hopes it won’t take a century for Peralta.
“We want them to fix the institutional problem with awards,” he said. “It’s this award and quite a few others. We told them that they’ve got to fix the system because there are guys who are getting the wrong awards. Officers are getting higher awards compared to the enlisted.”
©2017 The San Diego Union-Tribune. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.
A Marine grunt stationed in Camp Lejeune, North Carolina is being considered for an award after he saved the lives of three people earlier this month from a fiery car crash.
Cpl. Scott McDonell, an infantry assaultman with 1st Battalion, 2nd Marine Regiment, was driving down Market Street in Wilmington in the early morning hours of Jan. 11 when he saw a car on fire after it had crashed into a tree. Inside were three victims aged 17, 20, and 20.
"It was a pretty mangled wreck," McDonell told ABC 15. "The passenger was hanging out of the window."
‘I made promises to the people that I lost’— How the Iraq war forged a Navy SEAL’s path to Harvard Medical School and NASA
Navy Lt. Jonny Kim went viral last week when NASA announced that he and 10 other candidates (including six other service members) became the newest members of the agency's hallowed astronaut corps. A decorated Navy SEAL and graduate of Harvard Medical School, Kim in particular seems to have a penchant for achieving people's childhood dreams.
However, Kim shared with Task & Purpose that his motivation for living life the way he has stems not so much from starry-eyed ambition, but from the pain and loss he suffered both on the battlefields of Iraq and from childhood instability while growing up in Los Angeles. Kim tells his story in the following Q&A, which was lightly edited for length and clarity:
New Vietnam War movie 'The Last Full Measure' takes some well-deserved shots at the military’s award process
Todd Robinson's upcoming Vietnam War drama, The Last Full Measure, is a story of two battles: One takes place during an ambush in the jungles of Vietnam in 1966, while the other unfolds more than three decades later as the survivors fight to see one pararescueman's valor posthumously recognized.
With ISIS trying to reorganize itself into an insurgency, most attacks on U.S. and allied forces in Iraq are being carried out by Shiite militias, said Air Force Maj. Gen. Alex Grynkewich, the deputy commander for operations and intelligence for U.S. troops in Iraq and Syria.
"In the time that I have been in Iraq, we've taken a couple of casualties from ISIS fighting on the ground, but most of the attacks have come from those Shia militia groups, who are launching rockets at our bases and frankly just trying to kill someone to make a point," Grynkewich said Wednesday at an event hosted by the Air Force Association's Mitchell Institute for Aerospace Studies.