North Korean Missile Test Raises Questions About Why Allies Didn't Try To Shoot It Down

Analysis
This image of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un watching a launch was released by the Korean Central News Agency a day after Pyongyang test-fired a missile over Japan on Friday, Sept. 15, 2017.
Courtesy of KCNA

The United States and its allies knew the North Koreans had fired a missile and tracked its path over Japan last week. Sirens blared in Hokkaido, and the Japanese government urged people to take cover.


The advance warnings — with one report saying Vice President Mike Pence saw pictures of the missile a day before it was launched on Friday — raise questions about why the U.S. and Japan didn’t try to shoot it down.

It was the second missile to fly over Japan in less than three weeks and sent a clear message of defiance to the U.N. Security Council, which had just four days earlier unanimously adopted tough new sanctions aimed at punishing the communist state for a Sept. 3 nuclear test.

The 15-nation council condemned Friday’s missile test in an emergency session and called on all countries to “fully, comprehensively and immediately” implement all U.N. sanctions. New measures included a cap on oil imports and a ban on textile imports but fell short of the original U.S. proposal for a full oil embargo due to opposition from China and Russia.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, meanwhile, declared the launch a success, saying it showed his country was nearing its final goal of establishing “the equilibrium of real force with the U.S.” and preventing U.S. rulers from talking about military options – an apparent reference to President Donald Trump’s warnings that he’s prepared to unleash “fire and fury” on the communist state.

This image of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and other officials was released by the Korean Central News Agency a day after Pyongyang test-fired a missile over Japan on Friday, Sept. 15, 2017.Courtesy of KCNA

The North insists its weapons program is necessary for self-defense.

“We should clearly show the big power chauvinists how our state attain[s] the goal of completing its nuclear force despite their limitless sanctions and blockade,” Kim was quoted as saying Saturday by the state-run Korean Central News Agency.

Trump planned to meet with the South Korean and Japanese leaders to discuss the issue during a luncheon summit Thursday on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly, according to the White House.

“America and our allies will never be intimidated,” Trump said in a wide-ranging speech Friday marking the 70th anniversary of the Air Force at Joint Base Andrews, Md.“We will defend our people, our nations and our civilization from all who dare to threaten our way of life. This includes the regime of North Korea, which has once again shown its utter contempt for its neighbors and for the entire world community.”

U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley and National Security Adviser Gen. H.R. McMaster expressed hope sanctions and diplomatic pressure would work but said military options were ready if needed.

“We’ve been kicking the can down the road, and we’re out of road,” McMaster said Friday at a joint press briefing in Washington. “And so for those who have said and have been commenting about the lack of a military option, there is a military option.”

The missile reached a maximum altitude of 480 miles and traveled about 2,300 miles before splashing into the Pacific Ocean after flying over Hokkaido, officials said.

This image was released by the Korean Central News Agency a day after North Korea test-fired a missile over Japan on Friday, Sept. 15, 2017.Courtesy of KCNA

It was the farthest distance achieved by a North Korean ballistic missile and followed 13 other tests this year as Kim’s regime has dramatically stepped up the pace of its nuclear weapons program.

Pyongyang also test-fired a missile over Japan on Aug. 29 and two intercontinental ballistic missiles into the sea off its eastern coast in July.

Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, R-Calif., said the U.S. should intercept such missile tests as a show of force.

“I would hope that we shoot it down as a message to the North Koreans and to other people, like in Japan, who are counting on us,” he said Tuesday during a House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing. “Unless we demonstrate we’re willing to use force, there’s no reason for them to believe we will.”

U.S. and Japanese officials said they could have targeted the missile but did not make the effort because it was not aimed at land.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said his government “had a complete grasp of the missile’s movement from the moment it was launched and was ready for all possible measures.” But Japanese officials said no debris or damages were reported and the country’s Self-Defense Forces did not take measures to shoot it down.

The New York Times reported that the Trump administration had seen the missile being fueled up a day before Friday’s launch but decided not to take it out on the launching pad. Pence was shown images of the missile during a visit to an intelligence agency, the Times reported, citing anonymous officials.

U.S. Pacific Command said the intermediate ballistic range missile never posed a threat to North America or the U.S. Pacific island territory of Guam.

Pentagon spokesman Col. Rob Manning told reporters Friday that if the IRBM had been a direct threat to U.S. territory or its allies, “we would have taken appropriate action.”

Seoul also was ready for it and conducted its own missile test nearly simultaneously on Friday morning, firing from its Hyunmoo-2 system into the sea off the peninsula’s east coast.

The U.S. has missile-defense capabilities in the region, including Terminal High Altitude Area Defense systems on Guam and in South Korea as well as Patriot missiles. It also has sea-based platforms, including Aegis-equipped destroyers and an integrated air-defense network.

South Korea and Japan also have the ability to defend against the North’s growing arsenal.

But analysts pointed out that an attempt to use the systems against a North Korean missile test in the absence of a real threat would be risky and expensive.

Jeung Young-tae, director of military studies at Dongyang University in South Korea, said a missile fired at U.S., Japanese or South Korean territory would likely trigger military action but the North Koreans have so far been careful to avoid posing a direct threat.

“It’s just a test so it’s not worth it,” Jeung said in a telephone interview. “You don’t really want to hit them because it could cause things to escalate into conflict.”

Michael Auslin, an Asia expert at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, also said the use of missile-defense systems could also expose any weaknesses since they may fail.

“It’s a big gamble to decide whether or not to do this,” he told NPR. “If we fail, then it would reveal the hollowness of the missile-defense policy that we have.”

———

©2017 the Stars and Stripes. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

(U.S. Navy/Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Stephane Belcher)

The 2020 National Defense Authorization Act would allow service members to seek compensation when military doctors make mistakes that harm them, but they would still be unable to file medical malpractice lawsuits against the federal government.

On Monday night, Congress announced that it had finalized the NDAA, which must be passed by the House and Senate before going to President Donald Trump. If the president signs the NDAA into law, it would mark the first time in nearly seven decades that U.S. military personnel have had legal recourse to seek payment from the military in cases of medical malpractice.

Read More Show Less
Maj. Jason Michael Musgrove (Lincoln County Sheriff's Office)

A major serving at U.S. Army Cyber Command has been charged with distributing child pornography, according to the Justice Department.

Maj. Jason Michael Musgrove, who is based at Fort Gordon, Georgia, has been remanded to the U.S. Marshals service, a news release from the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of Georgia says.

Read More Show Less
Sailors from USS George Washington (CVN 73) wear-test the I-Boot 5 at Naval Station Norfolk. (U.S. Navy photo by Courtney Williams)

Navy senior leaders could decide whether or not to approve the new I-Boot 5 early in 2020, said Rob Carroll, director of the uniform matters office at the Chief of Naval Personnel's office.

"The I-Boot 5 is currently wrapping up its actual wear test, its evaluation," Carroll told Task & Purpose on Monday. "We're hoping that within the first quarter of calendar year 2020 that we'll be able to present leadership with the information that they need to make an informed decision."

Read More Show Less
Senator Jim Inhofe speaks with local reporters at a press conference held at the 138th Fighter Wing August 2, 2018. (U.S. National Guard/Staff Sgt. Rebecca R. Imwalle)

U.S. Sen. Jim Inhofe and U.S. Rep. Kendra Horn leveled harsh criticism last week at the contractor accused of negligence and fraudulent activity while operating private housing at Tinker Air Force Base and other military installations.

Inhofe, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, referred to Balfour Beatty Communities as "notorious." Horn, a member of the House Armed Services Committee, told a company executive she was "incredibly disappointed you have failed to live up to your responsibility for taking care of the people that are living in these houses."

Read More Show Less
U.S. Senator Rick Scott speaks during a press conference at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, April 29, 2019. (U.S. Air Force/Airman 1st Class Monica Roybal)

The Saudi national who killed three students on a U.S. Naval Air station in Pensacola was in the United States on a training exchange program.

On Sunday, Sen. Rick Scott said the United States should suspend that program, which brings foreign nationals to America for military training, pending a "full review."

Read More Show Less