PINE GROVE — Margery Wheeler Mattox shared audio cassette tapes and records kept by her late brother, Pine Grove author Richard Wheeler, with military researchers who recently corrected the identity of a second Marine raising the flag at Iwo Jima.
The researchers were seeking evidence to identify service members in the iconic flag-raising photo taken Feb. 23, 1945, by Associated Press photographer Joseph Rosenthal at the summit of Mount Suribachi during World War II. That photo of six men was used as the model for the bronze Marine's memorial statue in Arlington Ridge, Virginia. There was another flag raising earlier that day with a smaller flag.
The names of those in the Rosenthal photo caption have been corrected twice before.
More than 74 years after Marines raised the American flag on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, the Marine Corps has announced that one of men in the most famous picture of World War II had been misidentified.
The Battle of Iwo Jima, which began Feb. 19, 1945, was one of the bloodiest battles in Marine Corps history, as former Cpl. Don Graves knows firsthand and will never forget.
He'll also never forget the time a Japanese soldier smelled hot chocolate being brewed near him and called out for him to bring him some. The moment, as he recounted in a video posted to the Marine Corps Facebook page Tuesday, was almost like the Christmas truce that wasn't.
It’s an iconic photo recognizable the world over: A group of United States Marines cresting Mount Suribachi to plant their nation’s colors on Iwo Jima, as Old Glory snaps in the breeze. Now, a group of current and former Marines want to honor the man behind the 1945 image: Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal.