Reports that local authorities brought stun grenades, unloaded missile launchers, and other military-style gear to break up protests at the Standing Rock Indian Reservation in 2016 recently reignited the long-simmering controversy about the so-called "militarization" of police. However, the military has long had plans plans to tackle civil unrest, riots and even insurrections directly.
U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Officer 1st Class Thomas Johnson
Created in 1790, the Coast Guard is the smallest of the five armed services, the least funded, and the only one not a part of the Department of Defense. As it stands today, the Coast Guard is the child of five former agencies of the U.S. government, which included the Revenue Cutter Service, the Bureau of Navigation, the Lifesaving Service, the Steamboat Inspection Service, and the Lighthouse Service, which is how the Coast Guard derives its 11 unique missions including search and rescue; icebreaking operations; and law enforcement. All of these factors help set Coast Guardsmen apart from the members of any other branch.