Get Task & Purpose in your inbox
Who Exactly Was The Bad Guy In ‘Top Gun’?
In 1986, Top Gun flew into theaters — and into our hearts. Sure, Tony Scott's military rom-com opus didn't wow critics and moviegoers when it first premiered, but it quickly became one of America's favorite military classics. I mean, Top Gun has everything. Tom Cruise! F-14 Tomcats! Angry, cigar-smoking staff officers! Sweet motorcycles! Volleyball!
But despite the film's glory, there's one element of Top Gun that's been the cause of
angry yelling much debate in the Task & Purpose office in recent days: just who, exactly, are those ballsy Navy aviators supposed to be fighting?
While the film leaves the identity of the antagonists intentionally vague, a combination of dialogue, markings, and behind-the-scenes trivia from the producers and screenwriters provide we can give a good guess at who this mystery enemy is.
Let's break it down. The enemy planes encountered by Cruise in the closing act of the film are actually F-5E Tiger IIs of the Navy Fighter Weapons School, the lightweight aircraft used as aggressor aircraft during exercises in the 1980s (the aggressor aircraft Tom Cruise kills below the hard deck in the film was, in fact, a Douglas A-4 Skyhawk).
The MiG-28 moniker reportedly evolved from a pile of script rewrites, likely a slight nod to the then-secretive MiG-29 Fulcrum. But it's worth noting that in one draft of the script by Chip Proser, the enemy fighters are MiG-21s, an aircraft that has existed since the late 1950s. This suggests that early drafts of the script were in the works well before the 1986 release. Interestingly enough, F-14s did engage MiG-21s in air-to-air engagements — but they were Iranian F-14's squaring off against Iraqi MiG-21's.
Based on the timing the of the script-writing process and Top Gun's actual release, the go-to assumption is that the MiG-28 is a Soviet fighter. However, the markings on the fictional MiG-28 aren't Soviet. The MiG-28 in the film has a single red star surrounded by a yellow circle on their tail as their only marking, while Soviet aircraft traditionally had a white trim to their red star (just to cover my bases, the North Korean Air Force uses a blue trim). However, one country does, in fact, use yellow trim on their red star insignia: China.
That the enemy was never officially established in Proser's early draft or Jack Epps Jr's final script. This was likely intentional: villainous governments in the movies are routinely left vague as to not piss off their real-world counterparts, with the exception of North Korea, possibly because North Korea doesn't have a strong market for movies or video games. Indeed, the video game "Homeland" and the Red Dawn reboot film, both of which involve a North Korean invasion of the U.S., made course corrections in production to keep from angering the Chinese government.
Despite the markings, North Korea is still a good guess. Producers Jerry Bruckheimer and Don Simpson had more than one writer working on the Top Gun script. Along with Proser's draft, Jim Cash and Jack Epps, Jr. were hired to write another draft of the screenplay for the film that initially identified North Korea as the threat that Maverick and Co take on in the thrilling finale. Per Dr. Bob Arnett's research on the topic:
After graduation, Kirsten and Maverick part. The squadron returns to its carrier. A hostage situation with an American ship surrounded by North Koreans develops. Maverick and Wolfman fly into action against North Korean MIGs. Wolfman is killed. Maverick is wounded, but still manages to finish off the remaining MIGs. In the last pages, Maverick appears at Kirsten's gym and tells her he's back to be an instructor at the Top Gun school. Maverick, then, is "restored" to his hero status and to the romance with Kirsten.
After this draft was picked up for the feature film, it was rewritten by legendary script doctor Warren Skarren, who not only added the timeless flipping of the bird in the initial MiG scene but shifted the encounter's setting location of the Indian Ocean. This is a key change, one that eliminates North Korea and China from likely operating in this area due to geographic realities: In the 1980's, China was not operating any aircraft carriers, and as mentioned above the closest sea border to China from the Indian Ocean is in the South China Sea, which is ostensibly part of the West Pacific.
The intentionality of keeping the villain an amorphous combination of three countries is almost ingeniously done by combining impossible geography, mismatched markings, and fictional aircraft. According to one theory, the United States was in the process of cooling things down with North Korea, so the producers didn't want to overtly call the enemy North Korea and ruin Reagan's foreign policy agenda.
However, if we look towards Occam's Razor, which states that the simplest solution is almost always the best one, a very simple answer reveals itself. VFC-13, a U.S. Navy aggressor squadron used a yellow outlined red fill color scheme to imitate potential foes for Top Gun fighter pilots to practice against. It is entirely possible that the production designers simply imitated the scheme and painted it onto the models used to play MiG-28s.
Yes, Top Gun is not a documentary. But it is honestly a credit to the film's greatness that even the most discerning audiences were able to easily suspend disbelief over details like these. Perhaps taking a fun movie too seriously is the wrong approach — but if we don't hold the production folks in Hollywood liable for their terrible military design choices, no one will.
This article was originally published on April 18, 2018
The Pentagon's chief spokesman is refusing to say whether the last ISIS stronghold in Syria has fallen a day after President Donald Trump announced the caliphate's demise for the fourth time in as many months.
"Wherever ISIS exists, we will continue to pursue them with our partners and allies in the region," Charles Summers told reporters on Thursday at a Pentagon media event.
When asked if the fight to clear ISIS from Syria's Middle Euphrates River Valley has ended, Summers replied, "We continue to fight against ISIS wherever they may be."
He declined to elaborate.
The new 'John Wick 3' trailer has motorcycle sword fights, nut-munching war dogs, and a surprise 'Matrix' reference
Never bring a knife to a gunfight. Unless you're John Wick, in which case you can bring whatever the fuck you want — a pencil, a katana, a stolen horse, a set of antique knives, a crotch rocket, or a pair of flak-jacketed war dogs.
Either way, the result's going to be the same: John Wick is the only one walking away from that fight.
Should your friend and humble Pentagon correspondent live for another 50 years, you can expect to read a Pentagon Run-Down in 2069 about how many U.S. troops President George P. Bush III plans to leave in Syria. (Assuming, of course, that Joe Biden doesn't run in 2068.)
That's because current President Donald Trump had vowed to pull all U.S. troops from Syria back in December, but since then has agreed to leave some U.S. service members there. The White House initially said about 200 U.S. troops would remain in Syria, but government officials have since pegged the number at several hundred.
Now the Wall Street Journal is reporting that up to 1,000 U.S. troops could make up the residual force in Syria. The Pentagon pushed back on that story unusually hard, presumably because defense officials are terrified that Trump will think the military is trying to force him to commit more troops to Syria.
MOSCOW (Reuters) - The Kremlin on Thursday complained that flights by U.S. nuclear-capable B-52 strategic bombers across the Baltic Sea near Russia's borders were creating tensions in the region, but Washington said they were needed to deter potential adversaries.
An Army Ranger stationed at Fort Bragg in eastern North Carolina was killed Friday "during routine military free-fall training" at a site in Arizona, the U.S. Army said in a press release.