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University Of Phoenix Gained Special Access To A Military Base — For A Price
U.S. military commanders allowed representatives of the University of Phoenix to erect banners advertising the for-profit college on one of America’s largest military bases and permitted them to place promotional materials in high-traffic areas on the post.
Newly released documents obtained in response to a Freedom of Information Act request filed in May 2015 reveal that recruiters from the proprietary college were allowed to give gifts to troops and insert marketing materials into official military welcome packets for newly arrived soldiers.
Base officials at Fort Campbell, on the Tennessee-Kentucky border, also instructed the University of Phoenix on how to collect data on their troops.
All of this access was provided in exchange for cash – including $250,000 for 89 University of Phoenix events at the base over a three-year period. All of it sidestepped a presidential executive order intended to prevent predatory recruitment practices.
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Alicia
John Kamin, an assistant director at the American Legion, called the newly released information “remarkable.”
“We wanted to take at face value the University of Phoenix’s statement that they were simply supporting the troops by sponsoring these events,” Kamin said. “Based on this evidence, it appears they were not being truthful.”
The terms of the arrangement are detailed in a contract between the University of Phoenix and garrison command at Fort Campbell, home of the 101st Airborne Division. Reveal from The Center for Investigative Reporting requested the document more than two years ago as part of an investigation into recruiting practices by the for-profit college, which had become the largest recipient of taxpayer subsidies under the post-9/11 GI Bill, despite a graduation rate that was then just 7.3 percent.
Reveal’s initial investigation, published in June 2015, exposed how the company skirted federal law. The story detailed nearly $1 million in payments to five large military bases, covering events that ranged from briefings for soldiers newly stationed at Fort Carson in Colorado to an Easter egg hunt at Fort Hood in Texas.
The Pentagon responded to our report by launching its own investigation and placed the college on probation, temporarily barring it from enrolling new military students and barring its recruiters from military bases around the world.
Unknown until now, however, is what the University of Phoenix received in exchange for its payments. To find out, Reveal filed a Freedom of Information Act request for the contract that covered sponsorship agreements at Fort Campbell, where a Reveal reporter and producer were thrown off the base while filming a University of Phoenix-sponsored concert by reality TV star Big Smo.
The University of Phoenix did not respond to multiple email and telephone inquiries. In an email, Pentagon spokeswoman Laura Ochoa said the for-profit college is now in compliance with federal regulations and is allowed to sponsor events on bases, provided that payments follow protocols designed to prevent predatory practices – including routing “installation access requests … to the responsible education advisor for review and approval.”
She also said the military had “found no indication” that representatives of the University of Phoenix had collected “service members’ personal information at commercial sponsorship events.”
In interviews, former University of Phoenix recruiters disputed that characterization, saying they had personally gathered that data.
A University of Phoenix billboard is shown in Chandler, Ariz.AP photo by Matt York
“That is totally false,” said Marlene Aldrich, a former University of Phoenix employee in Louisville, Kentucky.
“I absolutely distributed lead cards” to gather information on potential recruits, Aldrich said. “I probably still have them.”
Will Hubbard, vice president of Student Veterans of America, said the special access outlined in the Fort Campbell contract would make it look to service members as though the military were endorsing the for-profit college. He said it was time for the Pentagon review its regulations to more tightly control access by for-profit institutions, which tend to spend lavishly on marketing.
“The University of Phoenix is spending substantially above and beyond what any public or nonprofit private school can afford,” he said. “Frankly, that’s because (other schools are) spending their money on education.”
It took the Pentagon 817 days to produce the contract, which is six pages long. By then, recruiting restrictions on the University of Phoenix had been been lifted under pressure from Sen. John McCain, the powerful chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee who has counted the University of Phoenix’s parent company among his largest campaign contributors.
The Arizona Republican used his committee chairmanship to scrutinize the Pentagon’s crackdown. In a hearing in November, McCain railed against a “gross abuse of power,” saying that “if the University of Phoenix could be singled out in this flawed and suspect way, this indicates a deeper failing of the Department of Defense.”
McCain and other Republican senators said they would continue to pressure the Pentagon to weaken its enforcement of consumer protection rules.
“The tuition assistance program is far too important to lack accountability and oversight,” said Republican Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas. But that oversight, he said, should be targeted at “protecting freedom of choice of our servicemen and women.”
In return for the cash, the contract obliges the base’s morale, welfare and readiness command “to work Sponsor’s promotional tie-ins,” place banners “in high visibility area of event locations” and insert University of Phoenix collateral material into “Welcome Packets for incoming Soldiers.”
The document also allows University of Phoenix recruiters to dispense “additional promotional items for distribution” to the military. It warns that prize giveaways valued at more than $20 could be counted against the sponsorship amount.
At the Pentagon, Ochoa said the way the military enforces regulations against predatory recruitment has not changed under President Donald Trump. An executive order promulgated previously by President Barack Obama, and the Department of Defense regulations that followed, remain in effect.
This story was produced by Reveal from The Center for Investigative Reporting, a nonprofit news organization based in the San Francisco Bay Area. Learn more at revealnews.org and subscribe to the Reveal podcast, produced with PRX, at revealnews.org/podcast.
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The troops were part of a convoy in Kandahar province that came under attack by a member of the Afghan Civil Order Police, a spokesperson for Operation Resolute Support said on Monday.
Marine Maj. Jose J. Anzaldua Jr. spent more than three years as a prisoner of war during the height of the Vietnam War. Now, more than 45 years after his release, Sig Sauer is paying tribute to his service with a special gift.
Sig Sauer on Friday unveiled a unique 1911 pistol engraved with Anzaldua's name, the details of his imprisonment in Vietnam, and the phrase "You Are Not Forgotten" accompanied by the POW-MIA flag on the grip to commemorate POW-MIA Recognition Day.
The gunmaker also released a short documentary entitled "Once A Marine, Always A Marine" — a fitting title given Anzaldua's courageous actions in the line of duty
Born in Texas in 1950, Anzaldua enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1968 and deployed to Vietnam as an intelligence scout assigned to the 2nd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division.
On Jan. 23, 1970, he was captured during a foot patrol and spent 1,160 days in captivity in various locations across North Vietnam — including he infamous Hỏa Lò Prison known among American POWs as the "Hanoi Hilton" — before he was freed during Operation Homecoming on March 27, 1973.
Anzaldua may have been a prisoner, but he never stopped fighting. After his release, he received two Bronze Stars with combat "V" valor devices and a Prisoner of War Medal for displaying "extraordinary leadership and devotion to his companions" during his time in captivity. From one of his Bronze Star citations:
Using his knowledge of the Vietnamese language, he was diligent, resourceful, and invaluable as a collector of intelligence information for the senior officer interned in the prison camp.
In addition, while performing as interpreter for other United States prisoners making known their needs to their captors, [Anzaldua] regularly, at the grave risk of sever retaliation to himself, delivered and received messages for the senior officer.
On one occasion, when detected, he refused to implicate any of his fellow prisoners, even though severe punitive action was expected.
Anzaldua also received a Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his heroism in December 1969, when he entered the flaming wreckage of a U.S. helicopter that crashed nearr his battalion command post in the country's Quang Nam Province and rescued the crew chief and a Vietnamese civilian "although painfully burned himself," according to his citation.
After a brief stay at Camp Pendleton following his 1973 release, Anzaldua attended Officer Candidate School at MCB Quantico, Virginia, earning his commission in 1974. He retired from the Corps in 1992 after 24 years of service.
- 1911 Pistol: the 1911 pistol was carried by U.S. forces throughout the Vietnam War, and by Major Anzaldua throughout his service. The commemorative 1911 POW pistol features a high-polish DLC finish on both the frame and slide, and is chambered in.45 AUTO with an SAO trigger. All pistol engravings are done in 24k gold;
- Right Slide Engraving: the Prisoner of War ribbon inset, with USMC Eagle Globe and Anchor and "Major Jose Anzaldua" engravings;
- Top Slide Engraving: engraved oak leaf insignia representing the Major's rank at the time of retirement and a pair of dog tags inscribed with the date, latitude and longitude of the location where Major Anzaldua was taken as a prisoner, and the phrase "You Are Not Forgotten" taken from the POW-MIA flag;
- Left Side Engraving: the Vietnam War service ribbon inset, with USMC Eagle Globe and Anchor engraving;
- Pistol Grips: anodized aluminum grips with POW-MIA flag.
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