Get Task & Purpose in your inbox
30 Books Mattis Thinks Every Good Leader Needs To Read
James Mattis, the Marine Corps general-turned secretary of defense, is known for many things, including his prolific reading list. We know everyone jokes that Marines can’t read, but Mattis has probably perused more books in a year than most people manage in a lifetime.
He sat down with Foreign Policy and listed some of the books he believes that every military leader should read.
“You need to have that broader reading as you grow and personally develop so you can actually do the job as a military officer,” he said.
It’s a hefty list, but here are 30 of Mattis’ favorite books.
With the Old Breed: At Peleliu and Okinawa by E. B. Sledge (1981)
One Bullet Away: The Making of a Marine Officer by Nathaniel Fick (2005)
It takes big brass ones for a field-grade officer to write a book about how America’s generals should have told their Vietnam-era leaders that the war was dumb. But that’s what Maj. H.R. McMaster did in his 1997 doctoral dissertation. Now, McMaster, who pioneered some of the Army’s biggest counterinsurgency efforts in Iraq, is a three-star general and President Trump’s national security advisor. Who says dissent in uniform is a bad idea?
Fighting Talk: Forty Maxims on War, Peace, and Strategy by Colin Gray (2007)
The Future of Strategy by Colin Gray (2015)
Military Innovation in the Interwar Period by Williamson Murray (1996)
Before the First Shot Is Fired: How America Can Win Or Lose Off The Battlefield by Tony Zinni (2014)
Scipio Africanus: Greater Than Napoleon by Basil H. Liddell Hart (1926)
Hannibal is typically the leader remembered as one of the world’s greatest military leaders, but Liddell Hart suggests his adversary, Scipio Africanus, was the better general. For those who study military strategy, it is Africanus whose stratagems and ruses still remain useful today.
My American Journey by Colin Powell (1995)
The Forgotten Soldier by Guy Sajer (1971)
Long Walk to Freedom by Nelson Mandela (1994)
Gates of Fire by Steven Pressfield (1998)
So you saw the movie “300”? It’s not even the best fiction about Sparta’s epic stand of 300 soldiers against the 2 million Persians at Thermopylae. That honor goes to Pressfield, who translated his experiences as a Marine into 480 B.C. Sparta in this novel. It’s been providing in-the-field moto for grunts for almost two decades.
Duty: Memoirs of a Secretary at War by Robert Gates (2014)
The Lessons of History by Will and Ariel Durant (1968)
The Greatest Raid of All by Lucas Phillips (1958)
The Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant by Ulysses S. Grant (1885)
Grant, who served in the U.S. Army in both the Mexican-American War and the Civil War, saw his career culminate in two terms as president of the United States. Written for money in Grant’s old age, his autobiography describes his battles and his foes in surprisingly clear, thoughtful language.
March of Folly: From Troy to Vietnam by Barbara Tuchman (1984)
The Guns of August by Barbara Tuchman (1962)
Alexander Hamilton by Ron Chernow (2004)
Rise and Fall of the Great Powers by Paul Kennedy (1987)
Meditations by Marcus Aurelius (161-180 AD)
When Adm. James Stockdale was shot down and became a prisoner of war in Vietnam, he attributed his survival to studying stoic philosophies, particularly Marcus Aurelius’ “Meditations.” Aurelius, the Roman emperor, wrote his simple rules for living by candlelight, and they were never meant to be published. But they’ve been a source of strength for warriors and everyday civilians ever since.
Diplomacy by Henry Kissinger (1994)
World Order by Henry Kissinger (2014)
Defeat into Victory by Viscount Slim (1956)
Just and Unjust Wars by Michael Walzer (1977)
When he was running a guerrilla army, Mao Zedong said, “We have no use for asinine ethics.” Princeton philosopher Michael Walzer uses this quote as a jumping-off point for his book, which asks: How do you square the strategic, sometimes dirty demands of war with the ethical demands of being a not-terrible human? Philosophy is rarely so accessible — or so important for the warfighter to grasp.
War, Morality, and the Military Profession by Malham Wakin (1979)
For Country and Corps: The Life of General Oliver P. Smith by Gail Shisler (2009)
Sherman: Soldier, Realist, American by Basil H. Liddell Hart (1929)
The Rules of the Game by Andrew Gordon (1996)
The Far Pavilions by M. M. Kaye (1978)
Former Army 1st Lt. Clint Lorance, whom President Donald Trump recently pardoned of his 2013 murder conviction, claims he was nothing more than a pawn whom generals sacrificed for political expediency.
The infantry officer had been sentenced to 19 years in prison for ordering his soldiers to open fire on three unarmed Afghan men in 2012. Two of the men were killed.
During a Monday interview on Fox & Friends, Lorance accused his superiors of betraying him.
"A service member who knows that their commanders love them will go to the gates of hell for their country and knock them down," Lorance said. "I think that's extremely important. Anybody who is not part of the senior Pentagon brass will tell you the same thing."
"I think folks that start putting stars on their collar — anybody that has got to be confirmed by the Senate for a promotion — they are no longer a soldier, they are a politician," he continued. "And so I think they lose some of their values — and they certainly lose a lot of their respect from their subordinates — when they do what they did to me, which was throw me under the bus."
Fifteen years after the U.S. military toppled the regime of Saddam Hussein, the Army's massive two-volume study of the Iraq War closed with a sobering assessment of the campaign's outcome: With nearly 3,500 U.S. service members killed in action and trillions of dollars spent, "an emboldened and expansionist Iran appears to be the only victor.
Thanks to roughly 700 pages of newly-publicized secret Iranian intelligence cables, we now have a good idea as to why.
A U.S. Air Force combat controller will receive the nation's third highest award for valor this week for playing an essential role in two intense firefight missions against the Taliban in Afghanistan last year.
Tech. Sgt. Cody Smith, an airman with the 26th Special Tactics Squadron, 24th Special Operations Wing at Air Force Special Operations Command, will receive the Silver Star at Cannon Air Force Base, New Mexico on Nov. 22, the service announced Monday.
The U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Harriet Lane intercepted a suspected semi-submersible smuggling vessel in international waters of the Eastern Pacific Ocean and seized approximately 5,000 pounds of cocaine October 23.
SARASOTA, Fla. — With data continuing to roll in that underscores the health benefits of cannabis, two Florida legislators aren't waiting for clarity in the national policy debates and are sponsoring bills designed to give medical marijuana cards to military veterans free of charge.