An NSA cyber weapon is reportedly being used against American cities by the very adversaries it was meant to target

Military Tech

Staff Sgt. Wendell Myler, a cyber warfare operations journeyman assigned to the 175th Cyberspace Operations Group of the Maryland Air National Guard monitors live cyber attacks on the operations floor of the 27th Cyberspace Squadron, known as the Hunter's Den, at Warfield Air National Guard Base, Middle River, Md., June 3, 2017

In less than three years after the National Security Agency found itself subject to an unprecedentedly catastrophic hacking episode, one of the agency's most powerful cyber weapons is reportedly being turned against American cities with alarming frequency by the very foreign hackers it was once intended to counter.


An explosive New York Times story published Saturday detailing how the NSA's Tailored Access Operations lost control of its so-called 'EternalBlue' malware tool to a cadre of hackers known as the Shadow Brokers, which subsequently publicized the agency's software exploits on the internet and passed them along to hackers associated with Russia, China, and North Korea

The Shadow Brokers' disclosure reportedly came thanks to a 54-year-old former contractor Harold Martin III, who plead guilty in March 2019 for, among other things, taking classified documents and electronic devices home with him for more than 20 years in what government officials characterized as the biggest leak of classified information in U.S. history.

The New York Times story comes in the midst of an ongoing cyberattack on the city government of Baltimore that has paralyzed critical infrastructure and halted daily important transactions from home sales to utility payments. But apparently, the NSA connection wasn't publicly known before Saturday — and the first four paragraphs of the Times story will absolutely make your blood boil:

For nearly three weeks, Baltimore has struggled with a cyberattack by digital extortionists that has frozen thousands of computers, shut down email and disrupted real estate sales, water bills, health alerts and many other services.

But here is what frustrated city employees and residents do not know: A key component of the malware that cybercriminals used in the attack was developed at taxpayer expense a short drive down the Baltimore-Washington Parkway at the National Security Agency, according to security experts briefed on the case.

Since 2017, when the N.S.A. lost control of the tool, EternalBlue, it has been picked up by state hackers in North Korea, Russia and, more recently, China, to cut a path of destruction around the world, leaving billions of dollars in damage. But over the past year, the cyber weapon has boomeranged back and is now showing up in the N.S.A.'s own backyard.

It is not just in Baltimore. Security experts say EternalBlue attacks have reached a high, and cybercriminals are zeroing in on vulnerable American towns and cities, from Pennsylvania to Texas, paralyzing local governments and driving up costs.

To be clear: the NSA built a malware tool capable of disabling the computer systems that control everything from payroll to power grids, lost it, and then basically kept its mouth shut as its own tool was turned against them by the very enemies they were meant to target in the first place.

This is basically the cyber equivalent of the GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast bomb falling into the hands of ISIS fighters in Nangarhar because some personnel assigned to U.S. Forces Afghanistan delivered the schematics by hand.

Even worse, it casts a major shadow over the aggressive cyber defense plan that the Pentagon rolled out last year to "[defend] forward to intercept and halt cyber threats."

It's also worth noting that Martin's 2016 arrest and the Shadow Broker's subsequent leak of NSA hacking tools occurred just over three years after Edward Snowden pulled back the curtain on the agency's vast domestic surveillance apparatus.

But while a narrow majority of Americans tended to support the NSA's domestic surveillance missteps in the aftermath of the Snowden disclosures, they may not be so forgiving when their light start going out.

SEE ALSO: When Does A Cyber Attack Constitute An Act Of War? We Still Don't Know

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Then the rhythmic clapping begins.

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Defense Secretary Mark Esper on Tuesday casually brushed aside the disturbing news that, holy shit, MORE THAN 100 ISIS FIGHTERS HAVE ESCAPED FROM JAIL.

In an interview with CNN's Christiane Amanpour, Esper essentially turned this fact into a positive, no doubt impressing public relations and political talking heads everywhere with some truly masterful spin.

"Of the 11,000 or so detainees that were imprisoned in northeast Syria, we've only had reports that a little more than a hundred have escaped," Esper said, adding that the Syrian Democratic Forces were continuing to guard prisons, and the Pentagon had not "seen this big prison break that we all expected."



Well, I feel better. How about you?

On Wednesday, the top U.S. envoy in charge of the global coalition to defeat ISIS said much the same, while adding another cherry on top: The United States has no idea where those 100+ fighters went.

"We do not know where they are," James Jeffrey told members of Congress of the 100+ escaped detainees. ISIS has about 18,000 "members" left in Iraq and Syria, according to recent Pentagon estimates.

A senior administration official told reporters on Wednesday the White House's understanding is that the SDF continues to keep the "vast majority" of ISIS fighters under "lock and key."

"It's obviously a fluid situation on the ground that we're monitoring closely," the official said, adding that released fighters will be "hunted down and recaptured." The official said it was Turkey's responsibility to do so.

President Trump expressed optimism on Wednesday about what was happening on the ground in northeast Syria, when he announced that a ceasefire between Turkey and the Kurds was expected to be made permanent.

"Turkey, Syria, and all forms of the Kurds have been fighting for centuries," Trump said. "We have done them a great service and we've done a great job for all of them — and now we're getting out."

The president boasted that the U.S.-brokered ceasefire had saved the lives of tens of thousands of Kurds "without spilling one drop of American blood."

Trump said that "small number of U.S. troops" would remain in Syria to protect oilfields.


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Editor's Note: This article by Matthew Cox originally appeared on Military.com, a leading source of news for the military and veteran community.

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